What is Archieves , function, importance and complete history
Archives are a collection of historical documents or records that are preserved for their long-term value. These documents can include a wide variety of materials, such as letters, photographs, maps, films, audio recordings, and government documents. The purpose of archives is to collect, preserve, and make accessible primary source materials that have long-term historical, legal, research or evidentiary value. The archives are typically housed in a dedicated facility, such as a library, museum, or government agency, and are often accessible to researchers, scholars, and the general public for study and reference. The documents and materials in archives are typically organized and cataloged to make them easy to find and use.
The term “archives” can have a few different meanings depending on the context.
- It can refer to a physical place where historical documents, records, and other materials are collected and preserved for long-term use.
- It can also refer to the entire body of historical documents, records and other materials that are collected and preserved in that physical place.
- In IT, it can also refer to a backup of data, files, or documents that are stored on a secondary storage device such as a hard drive, tape or cloud storage, and are only used in case of data loss or data recovery.
In all cases, the main purpose of archives is to preserve and make accessible historical or important information for research and reference.
Archives are collections of historical documents and other materials that have been preserved for future generations. The concept of archives dates back to ancient civilizations, where records were kept of important events and decisions made by leaders. In the Middle Ages, monasteries and churches began to collect and preserve important documents, such as land deeds and legal records. The modern concept of archives as a professional field of study and work began to develop in the 19th century, with the establishment of government archives and the creation of professional organizations for archivists. Today, archives are maintained by a wide variety of organizations, including government agencies, universities, and private companies, and play an important role in preserving and providing access to historical information.