ISBD stands for International Standard Bibliographic Description. It’s an international standard used to create bibliographic records for library materials. The ISBD provides guidelines for the description of different types of materials, including books, serials, cartographic materials, sound recordings, and other types of materials. The ISBD is used to create uniform and consistent bibliographic records for library materials, making it easier for users to find and access the materials they need. It also facilitates the exchange of bibliographic data between libraries and other organizations. The ISBD is divided into several parts, each addressing a specific type of material and providing specific guidelines for their description.
This page of VOL is related to library science acronyms, abbreviations and initialism and their full form along with explanations or definitions.
PAC stands for Public Access Catalog. It’s a library catalog that is open to the public and allows users to search for and access library materials. It’s also called a library catalog, or library database. It is a software that is used to manage and organize a library’s collection of books, journals, magazines, newspapers, videos, audio recordings and other types of materials. PAC allows users to search for specific items by title, author, subject, and other criteria, and it also provides information about the location, availability, and format of the materials. The PAC is used to help users locate and access the materials they need, and also to help library staff manage and maintain the collection.
OPAC stands for Online Public Access Catalog. It is an online version of a library catalog that allows users to search for and access library materials from any location with an internet connection. An OPAC provides the same functionality as a traditional library catalog, but it allows users to search and access the catalog remotely.
OPACs typically provide users with the ability to search by title, author, subject, and other criteria, and they display detailed information about each item, including its location, availability, and format. They also allow users to place holds on items, renew items they have checked out, and view their account information. Some OPACs also allow users to access electronic resources such as e-books and electronic journals, and may have additional features like reviews, ratings, and related materials.
OPACs are widely used in public, academic and research libraries and have become a standard in library management. They are an essential tool for library users as they provide easy and convenient access to library materials, and for librarians as they allow them to manage the library’s collection more efficiently.
UDC stands for “Universal Decimal Classification.” It is a system for organizing and classifying library materials based on their subject matter. The UDC system was developed by Paul Otlet and Henri La Fontaine in the late 19th century, and it is still in use today in libraries around the world.
The UDC system is based on the idea of organizing materials according to their subject matter using a system of decimal numbers. Each number represents a different category or subclass, and the relationships between the categories are indicated by the placement of the numbers. For example, a book about the history of agriculture might be classified using the notation “63:631,” which would indicate that it is a book about the history of agriculture, which is a subclass of “Agriculture,” which is a subclass of “Technology (applied sciences).”
The UDC system is widely recognized as a comprehensive and flexible system for organizing and classifying library materials, and it continues to be widely used in libraries around the world.