The world’s first newspaper is generally considered to be the Acta Diurna, which was a daily news bulletin that was posted in ancient Rome around 59 BCE. The Acta Diurna was compiled by the Roman government and contained news about legal announcements, military victories, and other public events. The bulletin was written on boards and posted in public places, such as the Forum, where it could be read by the general public.
The Acta Diurna is considered the world’s first newspaper because it was the first regularly published news bulletin that was intended for a broad audience. It was also the first publication to use the word “newspaper,” as the word “diurna” is derived from the Latin word for “day,” and “acta” means “things done.”
Other early newspapers include the Tianxia Shibao, which was published in China in the 7th century CE, and the Nihon Shoki, which was published in Japan in the 8th century CE.