The Bern Convention, formally known as the Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, is an international treaty that was adopted by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 1886. It provides a framework for the protection of the rights of authors, artists, and other creators of literary and artistic works. The Bern Convention sets out minimum standards for the protection of these rights and requires signatory countries to provide legal protection to works created within their borders. It also establishes a system of mutual recognition of the copyright protections granted by member countries. The Bern Convention has been revised several times since its adoption, and it currently has over 180 member states.