Conservation and preservation are closely related terms, but they have slightly different meanings and connotations.
Conservation refers to the active process of protecting, preserving, and restoring cultural heritage materials, such as books, manuscripts, artwork, and artifacts. This can include activities such as cleaning, repairing, and stabilizing materials, as well as taking measures to slow down or prevent deterioration. The goal of conservation is to extend the life of the materials, making them accessible to the public for as long as possible.
Preservation, on the other hand, refers to the passive process of keeping materials in their original condition, without actively altering or restoring them. This can include activities such as storing materials in appropriate conditions, protecting them from environmental factors, and ensuring they are not handled excessively. The goal of preservation is to ensure the long-term survival of the materials in their original state.
In summary, conservation is an active process of protecting, preserving, and restoring cultural heritage materials, while preservation is a passive process of keeping materials in their original condition. Both conservation and preservation are important for ensuring the long-term survival of cultural heritage materials.