A newspaper is a publication that contains news articles, editorials, and other information, typically printed on low-cost paper and distributed regularly, either daily, weekly, or at some other regular interval. Newspapers are typically funded by advertising revenue, and many are also available for purchase by individual readers. Newspapers can be either print or digital and are often organized into sections such as local news, national news, sports, business, and opinion. The content of a newspaper may include articles about current events, political issues, local and national news, weather, sports, business, arts and entertainment, and more.
E-journals (electronic journals) are digital versions of traditional print journals that can be accessed and read online. They are usually published by academic or professional organizations and contain articles, research papers, and other scholarly works. E-journals may be available through a subscription service or on a pay-per-article basis. They can be accessed using a computer or other electronic device with an internet connection. E-journals have several advantages over print journals, including the ability to search for specific articles or keywords, the ability to access articles from anywhere with an internet connection, and the ability to access older issues that may not be available in print.
KWICمخفف ہےKey Word in Context کا
جس کا مفہوم ہے کہ ایک عام فارمیٹ جو کسی موضوع یا عنوان کی تلاش میں ہم آہنگی پیداکرنے کے لیے استعمال ہوتا ہے۔ یہ ایسا نظام ہےجو کسی بھی عنوان کے کی ورڈز پر مبنی ہوتا ہے KWICانڈیکس کسی بھی مضمون کے عنوان میں موجود الفاظ کو ترتیب دے کر سیدھ میں لاکر تشکیل دیا جاتا ہےتا کہ عنوانات میں موجود ہر لفظ کو انڈیکس میں حروف تہجی کے لحاظ سے تلاش کیا جا سکےاسکی اصطلاح سب سے پہلے ہانس پیٹر لوہن نے پیش کی تھی اور اس کو پہلی بار کتب خانوں میں
استعمال کرنے کی تجویز 1864 میں اینڈریا کریسٹا دورو نے پیش کی ۔یہ ایک بہترین اشاریہ ہے جسےکمپیوٹرائزڈ فل ٹیکسٹ کی تلاش میں اہم سمجھا جاتا ہے مثال کے طور پر اگر آپ کے پاس کوئ سرچ کیوری ہے اور اس میں تمام الفاظ شامل ہیں آپ گوگل پر فری وکیپیڈیا پر کوئی ڈیفینیشن تلاش کریں گے تو کیوک آپ کو انڈیکس فراہم کرے گایوں ہم کہ سکتے ہیں کہ کیوک انڈیکس عام طور پر زیادزیادہ سے زیادہ سیاق و سباق میں معلومات فراہم اور ڈسپلے کےلیے استعمال ہوگاجب کتب یا دستاویزات کو کمپوز کیا جاتا ہے تو اسکے بہت سے سیکشن یا ابواب ہوتے ہیں جو مختصر یا طویل ہو سکتے ہیں خاص طور پر ان سیکشن میں دستی صفحات کے مجموعے اکثر ایک Premutedانڈیکس کے ساتھ ختم ہو جاتے ہیں جس سے کوئی بھی قاری آسانی سے اسکے عنوان سے کسی بھی لفظ کے ذریعے ایک سیکشن یا ابواب کو تلاش کر سکتا ہےKWIC
انڈیکسنگ سسٹم اس اصول پر مبنی ہے کہ کسی بھی کتاب یا ڈاکیومنٹ کا عنوان اس کے مواد کی نمائندگی کرتا ہوں اس میں خیال رکھا جاتا ہے کہ کسی دستاویزات کا عنوان اس کا ایک سطری خلاصہ پیش کرتاہواور کسی عنوان کے اہم الفاظ کسی کتاب یا دستاویزات کے موضوع کی نشاندہی کرتے ہوںکیوک انڈیکس سسٹم عنوان کے باقی حصوں کے سیاق و سباق کو برقرار رکھنے کے لئے عنوان میں
موجود ہر ایک ایک لفظ کے نیچے ایک اندراج کرتا ہےاور اندراج کرتے وقت ہر ایک اندراج کے لیے پورے سیاق و سباق کے ساتھ بطور لیڈ ٹرم ایک ایک کر کے اصطلاحات استعمال کی جاتی ہیںکیوک کہ اندراجات کے لیے تین بنیادی حصے یا ڈھانچے ہیں
کتب خانوں میں موجود لائبریرین کسی بھی عنوان میں موجود اہم الفاظ جو کسی نقطہ نظر، موضوع ،رسائی، کے طور پر کام کرتے ہیں ان کے کی ورڈز تیارکرتا ہے اور یہ کیوک کا پہلا حصہ ہے
اس میں مطلوبہ الفاظ کے ساتھ عنوان کی فراہم کردہ باقی معلومات جودستاویزات یا کتاب کے پورے سیاق و سباق کے ساتھ وضاحت کرتے ہیں اس کے کنٹیکسٹ تیار کیے جاتے ہیں
3.Identification or Location Code
اس سے مراد شناخت یا مقام کا کوڈ ہے ایک ایسا کوڈ استعمال کیا جاتا ہے جوکسی دستاویزات کا پتہ فراہم کرے جہاں اس کی مکمل کتابیاتی تفصیل موجودہوگی۔یاد رکھیں عنوانات کے اختتام کو ظاہر کرنے کے لئے ایک علامت”/” استعمال کی جاتی ہے۔شناختی کوڈ دستاویزات کے مقام کی نشاندہی کرنےکے لئے انتہائی دائیں جانب لکھا جاتا ہے
1. Key Word Selection
سب سے پہلے عنوانات سے اہم الفاظ یا مطلوبہ الفاظ کا انتخاب کیا جاتا ہے یہ
<span;> مضامین،متشابیہات، کنکشن اور دیگر غیر اہم یا اصطلاحات کو چھوڑ کر دیا جاتا
ہے الفاظ یا اصطلاحات کا انتخاب ایڈیٹر یا لائریرین کرتا ہے جو مطلوبہ الفاظ کو نشان زدہ کردیتا ہے جب کمپیوٹر کو انڈیکس کی تیاری کیلئے استعمال کرتے ہیںتو اس میں اصطلاحات کا انتخاب کرتے وقت غیر اہم اصطلاحات کی اسٹاپ لسٹ تیار کی جاتی ہے Key Words Seletion یہ سٹاپ لسٹ مضامین اصناف آرٹیکل اور بعض دوسرے عام الفاظ پر مشتملہوتی ہے جنہیں کی ورلڈزبننے سے روکنے کے لیے استعمال کیا جاتا ہے۔صحیح اصطلاحات اور اندراجات کرنے کے لیے بنیادی مرحلہ لائبریرین سرانجام
دیتا ہے جو وہ معلومات کو کمپیوٹر میں داخل کرتے ہیں جس میں ایڈیٹر اور لائبریرین ان کی ورڈز کی نشاہدہی کرتاہےجنہیں کمپیوٹر میں درج کرنا ہوتا ہے
2. Entry Generation
کی ورڈز کے انتخاب کرنے کے بعد اگلا مرحلہ انٹری جنریٹ کرنے کا ہے کی ورڈز منتخب کرنے کے بعد کمپیوٹر عنوان کے بعد میں اس طرح منتقل کرتا ہے کہ کسی خاص اندراج کے لیے ایک اہم کی ورلڈ ہمیشہ بائیں جانب یا مرکز میں ظاہر ہوتا ہے کی ورڈز بناتے وقت ان کو بڑے حروف میں انڈرلائن یا ریڈ کلر کر دیتے ہیں
کسی دستاویزات یا کتاب کے لیے تمام انڈیکس اندراجات تیار ہونے کے بعدہ راندراج کو حروف تہجی کی ترتیب میں اس کی مناسب جگہ پر درج کیا جاتا ہے اس عمل کو فائلنگ کہتے ہیں فائلنگ کے لیے اے ایل۔اے فائلنگ رولزبڑے اہم اور مستند ہیں اور کتب خانوں کے اندر اہم سمجھے جاتے ہیں۔Exampleا
اب ہمارے پاس ایک عنوان ہے
Classification of Books in UniversitybLibrary with Identification Code 1279پ
ہلے اسٹیپ پر ہم نے عنوان لیا اور اس سے کی بورڈ کو منتخب کیاجیسے کہ
Classification of Books in University Library
وسرے مرحلے میں ہم انٹری جنریٹ کریں گے اور جو مین ہمارا کی ورڈ ہو گا اس کو بولڈ کر دیں گے یا اس کو کیپیٹل حروف میں لکھیں گے مثلا
CLASSIFICAYION of books in University Library 1279
BOOK in University Library/Classification of 1279
UNIVERSITY Library Classification.of Books in 1279
LIBRARY /Classification of Books in Universith 1279
یاد رکھیں انٹری جنریٹ کرتے وقت ہرپہلا لفظ کیپیٹل حروف میں ہوگا
اس مرحلے میں ہم اے ایل اےفائلنگ رولز کو مدنظر رکھتے ہوئے جو ہم نےانٹریجنریٹ کی ہیں ان کو الفبائی ترتیب میں کچھ اس طرح سے رکھیں گے
BOOKS in University Library Classification of 1279
CLASSIFICATION of Books in University Library 1279
LIBRARY Classification of Books in University 1279
UNIVERSITY Library Classification of Books in 1279
Library Laws in Pakistan
We cannot refuse the importance of library laws. Library laws become very helpful for the establishment, betterment and contribution of the libraries. Many countries of the world make their own laws and regulation for their libraries. Neighbor country India’s different states like, Madras, Andhra pardais, Mosor, Maharashtra and Eastern Bengal implemented library rules for their public libraries. Frank M. Gardner studied 14 countries’ library laws, he found library laws very necessary for the success and safety of libraries. America, Norway, Denmark and many other school’s libraries have their laws.
In Pakistan “Shams-ul-mah Dawood Pota Sindh Government library, Hyderabad” have importance that this institution established according to the act of ‘The Sindh Cultural Advancement Act, 1955’ but according to Dr. Anees Khursheed this law is never excepted for the successful of libraries as compared to the libraries established without any act. After the establishment of Pakistan, there was a need to save the rare documents in a systematic way, so the professional related to this field making strategies to save these pieces of knowledge. Society for the Promotion and Improvement of Libraries, SPIL (1961) gave the first library law in a seminar (Karachi). In which they highlight the importance and welfare of libraries and their role for the education. Hakim Muhamad Seed gave this law to the government for the purpose of acceptance.
Since 1957, PLA plays an important role for the establishment of libraries, first conference of PLA was presided by President, General Sikander Mirza which was held in Karachi (9-12, January, 1957). He gave the address on the importance on libraries. After this, many acts and policies were added and changed according to the need of time.
Some applied acts:
Public libraries act, 1989
Model Public Libraries Act for Provinces
Library Act for Sindh
Public Library Network in Pakistan
National Library Act
In 1998, different heads of libraries gave new laws and instruction for modern library system. They modified old laws and make new implementation according to the modern time. National library of Pakistan doing good job for the development of libraries and copyright works. It serves as depository of some international organizations like Asian development bank, international labor organization, and US department of Publications etc. The library is National ISBN Agency for Pakistani Publications. All the libraries (academic, special, public, national) work according to the laws and regulations.
Why Libraries are Important
By Abid Hussain
Libraries are as old as human civilizations. These are important institutions for human and national buildings. Suppose libraries were not important institutions for the last 5000 years; they would have died out long ago. Libraries are places for culture and knowledge preservation. It plays an essential role in society. It creates opportunities for literacy, learning and educations. It shapes the new ideas for a creative and innovative society. It ensures an authentic record of knowledge created by the past generation. Libraries are unique places for educational resources, where people thirst their research quench. It provides 100% safe access to educational resources free of cost. All resources at the library are free without spending money. Those are books, access to the Internet and academic training programmes.
Libraries are helpful in local economies. Many people have argued that libraries are not concerned with the economy, but it plays a crucial role in financially strengthening the local economy. It provides free Internet, workspace and material that help the communities to find jobs and similar opportunities. It buys hardware, software and information that help people in finding opportunities.
Libraries make communities healthier with their resources and it is known as centres for curation, health and wellbeing. It also offers internet facilities where people seek health information and services.
Libraries are the most significant sources of preserving history and truth. In today age, information which is available on the Internet is fake and not authentic. Libraries house centuries of learning, history, information and reality and are great defenders of the fight against misinformation.
Libraries connect communities to share their ideas freely under a roof, like town halls, public parks, and other community centres. Libraries are hubs of communities for sharing good thoughts. It brings people of different caste, creeds and races into one place.
Libraries help people to elevate themselves and their situations in the right direction. It is an excellent source for people connection, where one feels comfortable and peaceful environment to sit there for long hours. As libraries are portals to all of the world’s knowledge, librarians preserve these records for today’s generation and forthcoming.
Libraries are excellent sources of value to the neighbourhood. Those people living near public libraries are great opportunists in enhancing their quality of life. Even public libraries are valuable places for meetings. Libraries are sources of community gathering for social issues and decision making. People of communities come and sit together and share their views.
Libraries break down boundaries and offer free literacy programmes for low-literate and non-English people. It also provides outreach programmes that teach the community of multicultural and multilingual society. It is an excellent source for home-bound elderly, institutionalized individuals, prisoners, blind and hearing-impaired people.
The writer is a library officer at the Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad (ISSI). He can be reached at [email protected].
Emergence of Unique Libraries in the World
- What is Library?
- Purpose and Function of Libraries
- Emergence of Unique Libraries
- Some Unique Libraries
- Other Unique Libraries
- Recommendation & Conclusion
What is Library?
Library is a collection or group of collections of books and/or other print or nonpoint materials organized and maintained for use (reading, consultation, study, research, etc.) (ODLIS).In addition, we can define libraries as a structure, location, or area that houses collections of sources, resources, and services. It is a place where knowledge is organized in a systematic way for individuals who are interested to access it, such as books, newspapers, magazines, manuscripts, recordings, and other things. There are two types of libraries: libraries based on formats and libraries based on structure.
- Library by Structure: National Library, Academic Library, Public Library, Special library.
- Library by Formats: Traditional/Print Library, Digital Library and Hybrid Library
Purpose and Function of Libraries
1). National Library: Serve as the preeminent repository of information for that country. Also, their main function is to reservation and promotion of the national cultural heritage of the nation of that country.
2). Public library: Are social institutions based on the concept of democracy. i.e. for the people, by the people, and of the people. Anyone can visit, get membership and use it. Everyone has an equal right to use it.
3). Academic libraries: Are established in schools, colleges, universities and other educational intuitions and these are established to fulfill the academic needs of students, teachers and researchers
4). Special Library: Established and funded by a commercial firm, private association, government agency, nonprofit organizational or special interest group to meet the information needs of its employees, members, or staff in accordance with the interest of its host organizations missions and goals.
Emergence of Unique Libraries
There are wonderful libraries all over the world that are well-known for their extensive collections and services. But there is an issue that when someone wants to read, one’s cannot always go to the great libraries.People who live in rural locations may not even have access to a school library or a public library in their town. As a result, for persons living in rural places or with limited access to books and other reading materials, quite creative solutions have been found to provide them with library access, including transporting books to their doorsteps in some circumstances. Thy emerged as name of unique librariesUnique libraries don’t have traditional structures and embrace unusual shapes and forms, but they all serve the same purpose: to provide people with books to enjoy and learn from. Some famous unique libraries around the world are followings:
- Mobile Library
- Camel Library
- Library Ship
- Beach Library
- Library on Public Bus
- Vended Machine Library
- Library in Salon
- An Open Garden Library
- Others Unique libraries.
1). Bookmobile or Mobile Library
A bookmobile, sometimes known as a mobile library, is a vehicle that can be used as a library. Throughout history, they have been referred to as travelling libraries, library wagons, book wagons, book trucks, library-on-wheels, and book vehicle services.
Bookmobiles help traditional libraries reach more people by carrying books to potential readers and giving library services to those in underserved areas (such as rural areas) (such as residents of retirement homes). The services and contents provided by bookmobiles (such as Internet connectivity, large print books, and audiobooks) can be tailored to the specific regions and demographics serviced.
2). Camel Library
Camels not only carry load or give you a ride on the beach, yet can also carry books on their backs. In 1985, the Kenya National Library Service launched a programme to help nomadic communities, where literacy rates are as low as 15% and reading materials are scarce. The book-carrying camels set up camp in open areas, where anyone who wants to read can go, choose a book, read it, and then return it to the book trunk. Camels transport books and other reading materials from one location to another.
Camel libraries are also found in other places, such as Mongolia and Pakistan (Baluchistan etc.) Mobile camel library carries books to children in Baluchistan villages (November 2020)In these countries in specific areas, camels are still used to access remote regions.
3). Library Ship
On Islands in Fjords, Norway, a book boat known as ‘Epos’ sails with 6000+ books to more than 250 small communities on islands in Fjords, Norway. Epos sails every year between September and April.On board the ship
There are the captain, a cook, a couple of librarians and one or two entertainers, which make this library a unique experience. It was started in 1959, the service is funded by the libraries of the three counties — Hordaland, SogonogFjordane and More ogRomsdal — that it serves. In summer, the floating library turns into a leisure cruise ferry
4). Beach Library
While on a beach, you walk on the sand or venture in the water for a swim. However, sometimes after a tiring swim or while sun bathing, one feels like picking up a book to read. You must have seen a few avid readers laying on the beach with a book for company.For such people there is a library on the sandy beach of Bulgarian Black Sea resort.
It was German architect Herman Kompernas’ idea to build a library there and he stocked it with over 2,500 books in 10 languages, now over 6,000 books in more than 15 languages. Guests can borrow the books for free and leave their own for others to read.Now beaches in many other countries have started having libraries which have gained popularity with beach and book lovers.
5). Library on a Public Bus
Brazilian bus collector Antonio da ConceiçãoFerreira, has a passion for reading, and this passion inspired him to create what he calls, ‘Culture on the Bus’. He transformed the bus he rides, into a small library.
Buses in other countries have also been spotted having a small shelf for passengers to pick up a book and pass away the time. Initially, he carried a cardboard box full of books and wrote the names of people who took the books, but now the books are lined on a shelf inside the bus and passengers can read while riding. He does not care if people return the books or not, as the idea is that the books are passed from person to person
6). Vending Machine Libraries
You can not only take out your favorite soft drink from a vending machine, but can also pay a fee and vend out a book you wish to read.
The concept of book-vending machine is not new, but in recent years more and more libraries are being set up on busy streets, at train stations and in shopping centers.
7). Library in Salon
In the state of Tamil Nadu, in the city of Thoothukudi, a barber by profession (PonMariyappa), he encourages reading by having a small library in his salon.
He keeps books instead of magazines and newspapers for his customers, to encourage the habit of reading. And the use of mobile phones is also prohibited in the salon. Moreover, the person who reads gets a 30 percent discount on the services.
8). An Open Garden Library
The Levinski Garden Library was established in Israel to help migratory workers and refugees. This outdoor library, located in a Tel Aviv park, has books in 15 languages. There are no doors, guards, or barriers in the library. The 3,500 books are organized on two lit shelves: one for adults and one for youngsters.
The library stays open late at night to welcome people who want to rest and read beneath its big umbrella.
Other Unique Libraries
Other unique libraries have also been founded in the world, few of them are following:
- Tiny Free Libraries
- Phone Booth Library
- Donkey Library
Do you know any?
Recommendation & Conclusion
We have seen that many unique libraries have emerged around the world in different places with their specific purposes. In our country, Pakistan, so many unique or new types of libraries can be built in different places, which can promote reading habits and fulfill others purpose of library. Following are some areas where we can build unique libraries in different places in the countries that can offer books or reading materials to people to enjoy and learn from them. Such as: Mentioned above Libraries in park street libraries on transport place and in transport vehicles as well.
- Naqvi, R. (2020, February 01). Unique libraries. The Dawn. Retrieved from https://dawn.com/news/1531277
- Dad, H., &Newroz, S. K. (2nd eds.). (2012). A guide to a library and information science: questions and answers. Lahore: Multiline.
Dr. Raiz Ahmed Saeed, Dr. Saeed-ur-Rahaman, Rauf Ahmed, Abid Hussain
Interfaith dialogue has become one of the most significant and interesting activities in contemporary socio-political and socio-religious global scenario due to its crucial role in the peace process and peaceful interfaith relations. Many groups of scholars, institutes, organizations, and even governments are promoting the activities regarding interfaith relations. Meanwhile, it is also assumed that Pakistan is one of the countries where interfaith dialogue activities are arranged officially on the state level. In this study, efforts are made to review statistically and to index the literature produced by Pakistani scholars and universities. A mixed
method research methodology is adopted for this study with a bibliometric approach to find out results. Almost 136 theses & dissertations have been produced by scholars in a wide range of Pakistani Universities on interfaith Dialogue, religious debates, harmony, and relations. The research produced by male scholars was 71 (52.21 %) and most 49 (36%) productive era was from 2011 to 2015. The majority of the research was for Master (38%) and MS/M.Phil (34%) level degrees and about one-fifth of the theses were on the theme of “Interfaith Dialogue in Pakistani context”. Therefore, it is suggested that the course on interfaith dialogue, harmony, and relations should be taught at M. Phil and Ph.D. Level in the discipline of Islamic studies and social sciences.
Impact of Libraries on Economic DevelopmentImpact of Libraries on Economic Development
Economic development is a constant commitment to advancing human existence with quality of life including socio-cultural, political, economic, and general welfare of the people.Libraries play a vital role to the mentally growth of societies, as they gain knowledge for their career, educational, household and economically purpose. Access to information is one of the primary factors in economic development goals. Increased access to information and knowledge, underpinned by universal literacy, is an essential pillar of economic development “Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreement” (IFLA (2015). Increasing the access of information and knowledge across society,the availability ofinformation and communications technologies (ICTs), supports economic development and improves people’s lives.
“The Lyon Declaration on Access to Information and Development shows that libraries, information intermediaries, and development organizations are united behind the inclusion of access to information in the development framework”
With the underlying economic realities in our countrytheeconomy growth is at the stage of developing as inclusively, sustainably, and conductively; libraries intentionally focus on collecting, storing, and disseminating information across different sectors of the economy and bringing about a significant reduction in poverty and increased improvement of the economy.With the impact of libraries on the different institutional’ economy sections, it is shocking that the involvement of libraries in economically development policies has not been sufficiently defined. “Effective inclusion of Library and information services for sustainable development policies are continuously lacking” (Mngutyo et al., 2020).
The library extends its roles to see that all sectorshave global access to information resources and services tailored to the need of every sector especially economic needs. The growing presence of special libraries within private and public establishments makes it possible for the library to reach the specialized information needs of the organizations.Libraries of all kinds are all together helping to circulate needed information services to the respective sectors of the economy leading to the growth and development of the country. Valantin (2014) notes that the ability of the government to develop effective policies and plans depends on its capacity to interpret information relevant to the country’s economic, social, cultural, and financial situation.
Libraries, however, require sound policies to provide the necessary framework for the development of information and communication systems and services to meet the needs of all sectors’ economically requirements. Human knowledge is habitually enriched by information; hence, the collective intellectual abilities of a nation that is; human capital, which will also depend on access to information through a well-equipped library.
Use of information and communication technology in academic libraries
Information Communication Technology (ICT) is a main compoundof the advancement and development of information in a technological way. Information, as power is effective an efficient resource and a vital tool needed for the development of all sectors in any country. It is an authoritativesystem in libraries to satisfying the information need of the users. The emergence of ICT has impacted greatly on the quality of information provided through academiclibraries. In this 21st century, the extreme role of ICT in library operations cannot be over emphasized. Many academiclibraries routines and operations that were performed manually are now converted into computerized system. Applications of ICT techniques providing better and faster services to the end users. According to Janakiraman and Subramaniah (2015):
“The world now experiences a digital scenario in which ICT has changed the possibilities of the library job promotions and has brought changes to expected library performances”
ICT is a generic term that refers to the technologies that are used to collect, store, edit and communicate information in various format (Raji, 2018). The use of ICT improves access to digital information. Adoption of ICT in libraries is a way of improving on information services provided in libraries. This is an era, when people need to access timely information with ease and fast, and this can only be done through the application of ICT to library services. It is also a way of contributing development of information of the country, since timely and effective provision of useful information can assist in building up a society ICT as an enabling tool, assist libraries in provision of information, which is very paramount to development of the various sectors in the nation. Libraries are playing a very important role facilitating access to global information and knowledge resources, using ICT.
Many institutions and organizations including libraries face technological challenges in the process of implementation ICTs to their services. Information provision is important to development and growth of any country’s success.ICT is a term used in the library to refer to application of computers and other technologies to library practices such as acquisition, storage, organization and dissemination of information. The world has become a global village and with ICT, many library users now have access to vast sea of information, without necessarily investing much time or energy. The process of generally and distributing information is now being facilitated through the use of ICT.
Benefits of ICT in Libraries
Globalization driven by ICT is presently having phenomenal impact on library practices ICTSs are significant and useful tools for sustainable development in all fields and all aspects of our society. ICTs provide means to actualizing developmental goals in education, health, agriculture, business and commerce among others.Internet provides up-to-date information on any subject. For the professional duties, computers are used to automate different manual functions. Acquisition, cataloguing of library materials, circulation, cataloguing of library materials, circulation and serials management are now automated in libraries, using available software in the market. ICTs enable libraries to locate store, retrieve and disseminate information. ICT tools such as CD-ROM and e-mail services are used in libraries for dissemination of information. In addition, digitization of information resources which involves converting print resources to electronic form is also carried out, using ICT.
Other benefits of ICT in libraries as stated by Ashikuzzaman (2014) include:
- Provision of speedy and easy access to information.
- Provision of remote and round the clock access to users.
- Provision of access to unlimited information from different sources.
- ICT enable easier, faster, cheaper and more effective library operations.
- ICT helps to manage information overload as information retrieval is made easier in computerized systems.
- Computerization helps the library to save space and reduce paper.
There is no doubt that integration of ICT into provision of library services is able to bring great benefits to the entire community and nation. ICT which remains an enabling tool for provision of timely and current library and information services is also indispensable to the sustainable development (Nwabueze and Ozioko, 2011) ICT can be applied to every aspect of human attempt to achieve excellent outcomes.