Natural classification and artificial classification are two different approaches to organizing and categorizing items or concepts.
Natural classification is a method of classification that is based on the inherent characteristics or traits of the items being classified. It is often used in fields such as biology, where items are classified based on their physical and genetic characteristics. Natural classification systems are typically hierarchical, with broad main classes at the top and more specific subclasses or categories below them.
Artificial classification, on the other hand, is a method of classification that is based on criteria that are chosen by the person or group creating the classification system. These criteria may be based on the intended use or purpose of the items being classified, or they may be based on other arbitrary factors. Artificial classification systems can be useful for organizing items in a way that makes them easy to find or use, but they may not always accurately reflect the true relationships or characteristics of the items being classified.
In general, natural classification systems are considered to be more objective and scientifically rigorous, while artificial classification systems may be more subjective and open to interpretation.