List of Important List of Synonyms and Antonyms
ABANDON: To give up completely – abandoned the sinking ship.
Synonyms: relinquish, forgo, forsake
ABASH: To lose self-confidence; to confuse, put to shame – abashed before the assembled
Synonyms: fluster, disconcert, discomfit, discompose.
Antonym: (adj.) self-possessed
ABDICATE: To give up claim to – abdicated the throne.
Synonyms: renounce, abandon, relinquish
ABET: To encourage -or support – treacherously abetted the enemy.
Synonyms: spur, incite.
ABRIDGE: To shorten – abridged his lengthy speech.
Synonyms: curtail, diminish, retrench.
Antonyms: protract, elongate, amplify
ABROGATE: To abolish or render void – a treaty abrogated by mutual consent.
Synonyms: annul, nullify, rescind, void.
ABSTEMIOUS: Moderate in the use of food or drink – abstemious in his habits.
ACADEMIC: Pertaining to school; theoretical academic interests; an academic discussion, with
no practical implications.
ACCEDE: To agree to – accede to a request.
ACCELERATE: – To quicken, speed tip – took an accelerated course in order to graduate early.
Synonym: expedite (adj. expeditious).
ACCOLADE: An award or salute – a tremendous accolade for a returning hero. Synonyms:
ACCORD: Agreement or harmony – in full accord with his view.
Synonyms: concord, concurrence.
Antonyms: dissension, discord
ACRIMONIOUS: Sharp or harsh in language or temper – stung by the acrimonious remark.
Synonyms: caustic, acerb, pungent, tart, mordant, acrid; (noun) asperity.
Antonyms: suave, affable,
ACUMEN: Keenness of mind or insight – showing exceptional business acumen.
Synonyms: perspicacity, discernment, perception.
ADMONISH (noun: ADMONITION): To warn or find fault gently – admonishing the unruly
Synonyms: chide, caution, reprimand, reprehend, reproach.
ADVERSARY: (adj.: ADVERSE): An opponent – his adversary in a bitter debate.
Antonyms: cohort, confederate, ally, accomplice.
ADVERSITY: Misfortune – calm in the face of adversity.
Synonyms: affliction, mischance, reverses.
AESTHETIC: Pertaining to the beautiful – interested in aesthetic values rather than in purely
AFFABLE: Sociable, courteous, and agreeable in manner a much admired, affable gentleman.
Synonyms: civil, complaisant, benign, gracious, genial, urbane, cordial.
Antonyms: curt, brusque, rude, boorish, surly.
AFFLUENT: Prosperous, flourishing; copious – a large bequest from an affluent grandfather.
Synonyms: opulent, profuse.
Antonyms: destitute, impecunious.
AGGRESSIVE (noun: AGGRESSION. an unprovoked attack): self-assertive; attacking, offensive –
annoyed people by his aggressive attitude.
Synonyms: bumptious, officious, obtrusive.
Antonyms: meek, humble, retiring, diffident.
ALACRITY: Eagerness; cheerful promptness – responded to the flattering offer with alacrity.
Synonyms: celerity, briskness, energy, animation.
Antonyms: apathy, nonchalance, sluggishness, lethargy, phlegmatism.
ALIENATE: To estrange – alterated by his gruff manner.
ALLAY: To calm; to lessen in severity – at ease now that his fears have been allayed.
Synonyms: appease, alleviate, pacify, assuage, abate, mitigate, propitiate, mollify, placate.
Antonyms: intensify, aggravate.
ALLUDE (noun: ALLUSION): To refer to indirectly – alluded quite subtly to his friend’s
Synonyms: insinuate, intimate, imply.
Antonyms: refer, cite.
ALLURE: To tempt by flattery or an attractive offer – allured by the prospect of a new job.
Synonyms: lure, decoy, inveigle, entice, seduce, wheedle, beguile, cajole.
AMBIGUOUS: Uncertain, vague, capable of being inter- in more than one way – puzzled by the
Synonyms: hazy, obscure, equivocal, dubious, nebulous.
Antonyms: explicit, unquestionable.
AMENABLE: Obedient; willing to submit – amenable to the suggestion.
Synonyms: tractable, docile, responsive.
Antonyms: intractable, refractory, recalcitrant.
AMIABLE: Good-natured; friendly – attracted friends by his amiable disposition.
ANACHRONISM: A thing placed or occurring out of its normal time – A machine gun at the
Battle of Yorktown would be an anachronism.
ANALOGY (adj.: ANALOGOUS): A relation between two things shown in the resemblance not
of the things themselves but of their characteristics – He indicated points of analogy between
the two situations. Synonyms: correspondence, affinity.
Antonym: anomaly (a deviation from the general rule).
ANARCHY: State of confusion or lawlessness – a country brought to utter anarchy by civil war.
Synonyms: chaos, pandemonium.
ANIMUS: A feeling of hatred-felt no animus, even against the enemy.
Synonyms: enmity, rancor, malevolence, animosity.
ANNALS: Historical records – in the annals of literature.
ANONYMOUS: Of unknown authorship-an anonymous publication.
ANTHOLOGY: A collection of choice literary works – an anthology of modern poetry.
ANTITHESIS (adj.: ANTITHETICAL): Contrast; the direct opposite – His selfish attitude seemed
to me the antithesis o patriotism.
APATHY (adj.: APATHETIC): Lack of feeling, emotion, or interest – attributed his failure to
apathy, rather than lack of ability. Synonyms: torpor, lethargy, sluggishness, listlessness,
languor, lassitude, dispassion; (verb) languish. Antonyms: zeal, animation.
APPREHENSIVE (verb: APPREHEND): Fearful – Being unprepared, John is apprehensive of the
APPRISE: To inform –apprised his lieutenants of the new situation.
APPROBATION: Approval; praise -a plan that met with hearty approbation. Synonyms:
sanction, commendation. Antonym: disapprobation.
APT (noun: APTITUDE, APTNESS): ((1) Likely; inclined or disposed – apt to succeed. Synonym:
prone. (2) Fit, suitable – an apt remark. Synonyms: appropriate, felicitous. (3) Skillful, expert –
apt at woodcarving. Synonyms: deft, dextrous, adept. Antonym: inept.
ARBITER: A person who has authority to decide matters in dispute – a fair decision rendered
by the arbiter. Synonyms: mediator, arbitrator
ARCHETYPE: An original pattern – copies reproduced from the archetype. Synonym:
prototype. Antonyms: Stereotype, facsimile, replica.
ARID: Dry; barren – the arid desert land. Synonyms: jejune, parched. Antonyms: arable, fertile.
ARISTOCRACY: Government by the best people; a privileged class -special privileges enjoyed
by the aristocracy. Synonym: oligarchy. Antonym: democracy.
ARMISTICE: A temporary suspension of hostilities. The armistice halted the war. Synonym:
ARTFUL: Sly; crafty – attained his mean objective by artful measures. Synonyms: cunning,
wily, adroit, ingenious, guileful. Antonyms: guileless, ingenuous, artless.
ARTICULATE (verb): To speak clearly or distinctly – articulated slowly so that he could not be
misunderstood. (adj.): Capable of speech; distinct, clear – an articulate man, always ready to
give his views.
ASCETIC: Rigorously self-denying – pursued the ascetic life of a monk. Synonyms: austere,
abstinent. Antonyms: wanton, self-indulgent.
ASKANCE: With distrust – looked askance at the forged signature.
ASSEVERATE: To declare positively; to confirm – asseverated his views with conviction.
Synonyms: assert, avouch, aver, avow, allege. Antonyms: gainsay, controvert, recant, rescind,
ASSIDUOUS: Industrious – an assiduous worker, toiling long hours. Synonyms: sedulous,
attentive, diligent, indefatigable. Antonyms: indolent, slothful.
ASYLUM: A place offering shelter and retreat – found asylum from persecution. Synonyms:
ATHEIST: One who denies that God exists – The atheist declared, “There is no God.” Synonyms:
infidel, agnostic, skeptic.
ATTRIBUTE (verb): Assign -attributed his success to bard work. Synonym: ascribe (noun): An
inherent quality -Generosity was his outstanding attribute.
AUGMENT: To increase or enlarge – an army augmented by numerous enlistments. Synonyms:
enhance, amplify. Antonyms: abate, curtail.
AUSPICIOUS: Indicating a happy outcome – The prospect for this project appears auspicious.
Synonyms: propitious, fortunate. Antonyms: ominous, foreboding.
AUTHENTIC: Genuine -proved to be an authentic document. Synonyms: veritable, bona fide.
Antonyms: apocryphal, counterfeit, spurious, bogus.
AUTOCRATIC: Despotic – feared by the masses as an autocratic ruler. Synonym: tyrannical.
AVARICE: Excessive greed – a fortune accumulated by avarice and miserliness. Synonyms:
covetousness, cupidity, avidity. Antonym: magnanimity.
AWRY: Unsymmetrical; not straight – the picture, hanging awry on the wall. Synonym: askew.
BANAL: Lacking in freshness, originality, or vigor-bored by his banal remarks. Synonyms:
commonplace, hackneyed, prosaic, trite, stereotyped, vapid. Antonyms: racy, original, vivid.
BANEFUL (noun: BANE: poison; source of harm): Destructive, poisonous – a baneful effect,
causing serious injury. Synonyms: deleterious, pernicious, virulent, noxious, toxic. Antonym:
BANTER: Good-natured teasing or ridicule-The two wits I exchanged banter, to the
amusement of the audience. Synonyms: raillery, chaff
BATON: A stick or staff – The conductor wielded his baton gracefully.
BELIE: To give a false idea of – His gracious manner belled his evil purpose. Synonym:
BELLICOSE; Inclined to quarrel; warlike – His bellicose attitude often got John into fights.
Synonyms: pugnacious, contentious, disputatious. Antonyms: pacific, conciliatory.
BELLIGERENT: Engaged in war – two belligerent nations warring fiercely.
BENEVOLENT: Kindly; charitable – like a benevolent monarch, bestowing many favors.
Synonyms: benign, benignant, gracious, magnanimous. Antonyms: malevolent, malignant.
BEREAVE: To deprive or leave desolate by loss – a widow just bereaved of her husband.
BESMIRCH: To soil or dirty – besmirched his opponent’s good name with vile epithets.
Synonyms: stilly, defile, smirch, bespatter.
BIASED: Prejudiced – misled by a biased point of view. Synonyms: bigoted, arbitrary, partial,
partisan. Antonyms: disinterested, equitable.
BIBLIOPHILE: A lover of books – The bibliophile fingered the old book fondly. Antonym:
BIZARRE: Queer; unusual in appearance- bizarre clothes, outlandish in the extreme.
Synonyms: odd, fantastic, grotesque, eccentric.
BLAND: Gentle; polite; agreeable – a bland diet, without irritating foods. Synonyms: mild,
suave (affable or persuasive in manner), soothing, non-irritating. Antonyms: piquant, tart,
racy, caustic, acrid, pungent.
BLANDISHMENT: A flattering speech or act – attracted people by his blandishments.
BLEMISH (verb): To scar or spoil – Bad associates blemished his character; (noun): A
disfigurement, defect – a character without a blemish.
BLIGHT: To ruin or decay – the rotting wheat, blighted by incessant rain. Synonyms: wither,
BLITHE: Gay and light-hearted in spirit or mood – spread cheer with her blithe spirit.
Synonyms: jocund, merry, joyous. Antonyms: dejected, forlorn, abject.
BOG: A swamp – sank into the spongy bog. Synonyms: morass, fen, quagmire, mire.
BOMBASTIC (noun: BOMBAST): High-sounding; pretentious in language – a bombastic speech,
inflated with meaningless high-flown words. Synonyms: ranting, pompous, fustian.
BOORISH: Unrefined in speech or manners – exhibited the boorish manners of a
backwoodsman. Synonyms: churlish, uncouth, uncultured, crass. Antonym: suave.
BUCOLIC: Pertaining to the country – a bucolic poem – the joys of the shepherd. Synonyms:
pastoral, rustic, rural.
BUFFOON: A clown – acting like a buffoon, full of ludicrous tricks. Synonym: harlequin.
BULWARK: (1) An embankment used as a fortification – a lofty bulwark for defense. Synonym:
rampart. 2) A person, idea, or object serving as a protection – acted as a bulwark in the fight
BUMPTIOUS: Obnoxiously conceited or self-assertive – a bumptious monitor, puffed up with
his own importance. Synonyms: aggressive, arrogant, contumelious, overbearing.
CABAL: A small group of persons engaged in plotting – a cabal of prominent persons united to
overthrow the government. Synonyms: junto, faction.
CACOPHONOUS: Unharmonious sounding – a cacophonous blare of trumpets, noisy and
discordant. Synonyms: dissonant, discordant, blatant, strident, raucous. Antonyms:
mellifluous, euphonious, dulcet.
CADAVEROUS: Corpselike; hence, haggard, pale -His face appeared cadaverous from long
imprisonment. Synonyms: ghastly, gaunt, pallid (noun: pallor), wan, ashen. Antonyms:
CALLOUS: Unfeeling or insensitive – made callous by long suffering. Synonyms: insensible,
CALUMNIATE: To accuse falsely or maliciously in order to injure another’s reputation; slander
– calumniated his political opponent by spreading false rumors. Synonyms: asperse, vilify,
CANDID (noun: CANDOR): Frank, outspoken; impartial a candid reply that could hardly be
more forthright. Synonyms: artless, ingenuous, unbiased. Antonyms: guileful, evasive.
CANTANKEROUS: Ill-natured; quarrelsome – showed a cantankerous and sullen disposition.
Synonyms: petulant, peevish, contentious, pugnacious, testy, choleric, fretful. Antonyms:
amiable, affable, equable.
CAPRICIOUS: Inclined, through some whim or fancy change the mind, purpose, or actions
suddenly – a capricious person, undependable in mood or temper. Synonyms: fickle, fitful,
changeable, erratic, inconstant, crotchety, whimsical, mercurial. Antonyms: steadfast,
CAPTIOUS: Quick to find fault about trifles- a captious critic pouncing on slight laws.
Synonyms: hypercritical, carping, carviling, censorious.
CARICATURE: A picture or other description of a person which exaggerates ludicrously one or
more of his distinctive features – not a realistic portrait but a malicious caricature.
CASTIGATE: To punish or criticize severely – castigated for using improper language.
Synonyms: reprove, upbraid, reprehend, censure, reprimand, chasten. Antonyms: commend,
CELESTIAL: Pertaining to the sky; heavenly-a celestial pageant of bright stars. Synonyms:
ethereal; (noun) firmament.
CHAUVINIST. An extreme patriot-a chauvinist with most pride in his country. Synonym:
CHICANERY: Trickery, deception,- practised chicanery all his shady dealings. Synonyms:
duplicity, craft, stratagem, wile, subterfuge.
CHRONIC: Continuing a long time; habitual-a. chronic complaint, persisting for years.
Synonyms: persistent, unremitting, inveterate, incessant, constant. Antonyms: intermittent,
CIRCUMSPECT: Cautious – looked about him circumspectly. Synonyms: prudent, vigilant,
discreet, wary. Antonyms: rash, indiscreet, reckless, precipitate, foothardy, temerarious,
CIRCUMVENT: To gain an advantage by the use of trick to evade by the use of deception; to go
around – circumvented the law by evasive practices. Synonyms: thwart, balk, outwit, delude.
CIVIL: (1) Of or having to do with citizens or the state – civil duties as well as civil liberties. 2)
Polite, courteous – answered in a civil fashion. Synonyms: respectful, gracious.
CLAMOROUS: Loud and noisy – a clamorous outburst the crowd outside. Synonyms:
vociferous, obstreperous, blatant, raucous, strident. Antonyms: muted, quiet.
CLANDESTINE: Secret; stealthy – a clandestine meeting known only to a few. Synonyms:
furtive, covert, surreptitious. Antonyms: overt, manifest, above-board.
CLEMENT: Merciful; gentle – a clement judge who tempered justice with leniency. Synonyms:
compassionate, forbearing. Antonyms: relentless, ruthless.
COALITION (verb: COALESCE): Alliance; merging of various units into one unit – three parties
forming a coalition to rule the country. Synonyms: amalgamation, consolidation, fusion.
COERCION: Compelling a person by physical force or other means to do something against his
will – rendered his services without the slightest coercion. Synonyms: constraint, restraint,
COGENT: Having the force to compel, usually by appealing to reason – persuaded by cogent
arguments. Synonym: persuasive.
COLLUSION: Working together secretly for an evil purpose – acted in collusion to overthrow
the government. Synonyms: collaboration, conspiracy, conniving, machination.
COMMODIOUS: Roomy – a commodious apartment. Synonyms: spacious, capacious, ample.
COMPATIBLE: Harmonious; able, to get along together parted company because they were not
compatible. Synonyms: congruous, consistent. Antonyms: incongruous, discordant,
COMPENDIUM (adj.: COMPENDIOUS): A brief summary of the main ideas of a larger work – a
compendium of chemistry in a slim volume. Synonyms: synopsis, digest, precis, abstract,
COMPENSATION: Payment for services – just compensation for his labor. Synonyms: stipend,
remuneration, recompense, emolument.
COMPLACENT: Self-satisfied – looked on his own performance with a complacent smile.
COMPUNCTION: Regret for wrongdoing – displayed slight compunction for his misdeed.
Synonyms: contrition, penitence, atonement, remorse, qualm.
CONCEDE: To yield; to admit as true; to grant – conceded victory to a superior force.
Synonyms: acquiesce, capitulate.
CONDIGN: Well-deserved (applied chiefly to punishment) – received condign punishment for
CONDOLE (noun: CONDOLENCE): To express sympathy with another in sorrow, pain, or
misfortune – condoled with each other in their grief. Synonyms: commiserate, show
CONDONE: To forgive or overlook (an offense) – condoned the deed, in view of the offender’s
age. Synonyms: extenuate, palliate, mitigate, gloss.
CONFEDERATE (noun): A person allied with others for a special purpose (frequently a bad
one) – joined his confederate in secret enterprise. Synonyms: collaborator, accomplice. (adj.):
United or allied in a conspiracy – two confederate groups hurrying to their rendezvous.
CONGENIAL: ((1) Possessing similar interests and tastes; able to get on well with others –
congenial people with similar backgrounds. Synonym: compatible. (2) Agreeable – congenial
to his taste.
CONJECTURE: To guess – Without facts, we can only conjecture about his guilt. Synonyms:
CONSECRATE: ((1) To set apart as sacred – consecrate the battlefield with a monument to the
dead heroes. Synonyms: hallow, sanctify. Antonym: desecrate. (2) To devote or dedicate to
some aim – consecrated his life to teaching.
CONSENSUS. General agreement – The consensus of the committee was that no action should
be taken. Synonym: accord.
CONSTERNATION: Amazement; lack of courage caused by fearful prospect – The threat struck
deep consternation into John. Synonyms: dismay, bewilderment.
CONSTRUE (noun: CONSTRUCTION): To interpret, explain the sense of, or analyze – construed
the statement to his own advantage.
CONSUMMATE (adj.): Perfect or highly accomplished – achieved with consummate skill.
Antonyms: botched. bungled, inept (verb): To complete, bring to perfection – consummated
the deal without delay.
CONTEMPTUOUS: Expressive of contempt (an emotion involving anger and disgust) – cast a
contemptuous look at his subordinate. Synonyms: supercilious, scornful, disdainful,
CONVIVIAL: Festive; gay – a convivial party. Synonyms: jovial, jocund, mirthful. Antonyms:
lugubrious, dolorous, mirthless.
COPIOUS: Plentiful – shed copious tears at the bad news. Synonyms: profuse, bountiful,
abundant. Antonyms: meager, scant.
CORPULENT: Fat – corpulent due to excessive eating. Synonyms: obese, portly. Antonyms:
11gaunt, lank, emaciated, peaked.
COSMOPOLITAN (noun): One who is at home in all countries – A cosmopolitan can feel at ease
anywhere in the world. (adj.): Free from local prejudices – a world-wide traveler,
cosmopolitan in tastes and attitudes. Synonyms: Catholic. Antonyms: parochial, provincial.
COTERIE: A group of people joined by common interests a coterie of select friend. Synonym:
COUNTENANCE (noun): A face – His countenance expressed his complete disgust. Synonym:
visage. (verb): To approve – refused to countenance disrespectful conduct. Synonym: sanction.
CRASS: Coarse and stupid – displayed crass ignorance. Synonym: gross.
CRAVEN (noun): Coward – the deed of a craven, motivated by fear. Synonym. Poltroon. (adj.):
Cowardly – a craven act which shocked the world. Synonyms: pusillanimous, dastardly.
Antonyms: stalwart, intrepid, valiant, stout-hearted.
CREDENCE: Trust or belief – gave little credence to the rumor. Synonym: conviction. Antonym:
CREDIBLE: Worthy of belief – a credible story, true to life. Antonym: incredible.
CREDITABLE: Deserving or reflecting Credit or honor – applauded for his creditable
performance. Synonyms: praiseworthy, meritorious, commendable. Antonyms: discreditable,
infamous, opprobrious, ignominious.
CREDULOUS: Inclined to believe anything; easily imposed upon – a credulous fool whom
anyone can dupe. Synonym: gullible. Antonyms: incredulous, skeptical.
CRINGE: To shrink in fear – cringing before superior force. Synonyms: cower, flinch, fawn,
CRUCIAL: Decisive or critical; difficult – the crucial event that decided the outcome. CRYPTIC:
Containing hidden meaning – a cryptic message, difficult to decipher. Synonyms: occult,
enigmatic. Antonyms: palpable, manifest.
CULPABLE: Deserving blame or censure – removed from office for culpable negligence.
Synonyms: censurable, reprehensible.
CUMBROUS: Burdensome and clumsy – a cumbrous knapsack, impeding his march. Synonyms:
cumbersome, unwieldy, bulk. CURB: To control, check, or restrain – forcibly curbed the
people’s protest. Synonyms: repress, subdue.
CURSORY: Hurried; hence, superficial – Time permitted only a cursory examination.
Antonyms: painstaking, meticulous. CURT: Rudely abrupt -offended by the curt response.
Synonyms: blunt, brusque, bluff. Antonyms: affable, civil.
CYNICAL: Sneeringly distrustful of the good motives or conduct of others – belittled the hero
|Happiness||Joy, Delight, Mirth|
|Hate||Despise, Detest, Scorn|
|Healthy||Hearty, Wholesome, Strong|
|High||Elevated, Lofty, Exalted|
|Journey||Travel, Tour, Trip|
|Active||Alert, Lively, Energetic|
|Aim||Goal, Purpose, Objective|
|Battle||Fight, Encounter, Conflict|
|Blunder||Big Mistake, Error|
|Change||Shift, Exchange, Alter|
|Collision||Clash, Conflict, Impact|
|Conscious||Aware, Assured, Certain|
|Convey||Communicate, Shift, Transport|