Papermaking was introduced to the Indian subcontinent in the 13th century when the technology was brought to India by Muslim merchants and scholars. The first paper mill in the subcontinent is believed to have been established in the city of Sambhal, in present-day Uttar Pradesh, in the early 14th century.
Papermaking in the Indian subcontinent was initially concentrated in the northern regions, where the climate was more suitable for growing the raw materials used in papermaking, such as cotton and flax. The industry spread to other parts of the subcontinent over time, and by the 16th century, there were paper mills in many cities throughout India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.
The papermaking industry in the subcontinent was largely focused on producing paper for writing and printing. The subcontinent was known for producing a high-quality paper that was used for books, documents, and other printed materials. The industry also made significant contributions to the development of papermaking technology, such as the introduction of new raw materials and the development of specialized tools and techniques.