URL (Uniform Resource Locator

URL stands for “Uniform Resource Locator.” It is a string of characters that specifies the location of a resource on the internet, such as a web page or an image. A URL typically consists of the protocol being used (such as “http” or “https”), the domain name (such as ““), and the path to the specific resource (such as “/page1.html”). When you enter a URL into a web browser, the browser retrieves the resource from the specified location and displays it to you. URLs are used to identify and locate resources on the internet and are an essential part of the way the internet functions.

Online catalogآن لائن کیٹلاگ

An online catalog is a database that contains information about the materials in a library’s collection. It can include books, e-books, DVDs, CDs, and other types of materials. An online catalog allows patrons to search for materials by title, author, subject, and other criteria. It typically provides information about the location of a particular item within the library, as well as its availability (e.g., whether it is currently checked out or on the shelf). Many online catalogs also allow patrons to place holds on materials and renew items that they have checked out. An online catalog is often accessed through a library’s website and is an important tool for helping patrons find and access the materials they need.

Onlineآن لائن

Online refers to the use of the internet and the World Wide Web to access and share information. When something is online, it can be accessed through a computer or other device that is connected to the internet. Online resources can include websites, databases, e-books, streaming video and audio, social media, and other types of digital media. The term “online” is often used to distinguish between information that is available on the internet and information that is available in print or through other traditional means.

Keywordکلیدی لفظ

In the context of computing and online searches, keywords are words or phrases that are used to help identify and find specific content or information. Keywords are often used in search engines and databases to help users locate specific information or websites that are relevant to their search. Keywords can also be used in programming languages to identify specific variables, functions, or commands, and in other contexts to represent specific concepts or topics. Keywords are often chosen carefully, as they can play a significant role in how easily and effectively information can be found and accessed.

“Chat with a Librarian”

“Chat with a Librarian” is a service offered by some libraries that allows users to ask questions and get help from a librarian via an online chat interface. This service is typically available during regular library hours and can be accessed from a computer or mobile device. The librarian can assist with a variety of topics, including research help, finding materials in the library, and accessing library resources. Some libraries may also offer this service through email or by phone.

Bound periodical

A bound periodical or journal is a publication that is physically bound together, usually with a hardcover or spiral binding. This is in contrast to unbound periodicals, which are typically published in looseleaf or magazine format and are not bound together.

Bound periodicals are often reference works, such as academic journals or professional association newsletters, that are intended to be kept and used over a longer period of time. They may be published in print or online and may be distributed to subscribers or available for purchase.

Bound periodicals typically include a range of articles or papers on a specific topic or theme, and may be published on a regular basis, such as monthly, quarterly, or annually. They may also include additional features, such as indexes, abstracts, or illustrations, to help readers navigate and use the content.

Bibliographic information

Bibliographic information refers to the details about a specific book, article, or other written work that are used to identify and locate it. It typically includes information such as the title, author, publisher, date of publication, and other relevant details.

Bibliographic information is often included in a bibliography or

list at the end of a written work, such as a research paper or book. It is used to provide citations or references to the sources that the writer used in their work. Bibliographic information is also often included in online databases and library catalogs to help users find specific works and learn more about them.

Here is an example of bibliographic information for a book:

Title: The Great Gatsby

Author: F. Scott Fitzgerald

Publisher: Charles Scribner’s Sons

Date of publication: 1925


An atlas is a book or set of maps that are bound together. It typically includes a collection of maps of the world, a specific region, or individual countries, and may also include additional information such as geographical data, historical background

, or illustrations. Atlases can be published in print or online and are used for a variety of purposes, such as education, navigation, or research.

Atlases come in a range of sizes and styles, from small pocket atlases to large, comprehensive reference works. They may be organized alphabetically, by region, or by theme, depending on the intended use and audience. In addition to maps, atlases may also include illustrations, photographs, and other visual aids to help the reader understand the geography and culture of the areas depicted.

An atlas is a collection of maps and geographical information. It is a reference book that contains maps and illustrations of the earth and its various regions, countries, and cities. Atlases can include physical maps, political maps, and thematic maps, as well as information about the geography, history, culture, and economy of different regions.

The importance of an atlas is that it provides a visual representation of the earth and its various regions, countries, and cities. It can be used for a wide range of purposes, such as planning travel routes, studying geography, and understanding the distribution of natural resources and human populations. Atlases are also used as a reference in many fields such as education, cartography, and research.

The history of the atlas can be traced back to ancient times, when maps were first used for navigation and military planning. The ancient Greeks and Romans were among the first to create detailed maps and geographical information. The first modern atlas was created by the Flemish cartographer Gerardus Mercator in 1570, which was called “Atlas sive Cosmographicae Meditationes de Fabrica Mundi et Fabricati Figura” (Atlas or Cosmographic Meditations on the Creation of the World and the Creation of the Image). This atlas featured over 60 maps and was the first to use the term “atlas” to refer to a collection of maps.

In the centuries that followed, many other cartographers and mapmakers created atlases, and the format and content of atlases continued to evolve. Today, atlases can be found in a variety of formats, including print and digital, and they continue to be an important tool for understanding the earth and its various regions, countries, and cities.

Overall, an atlas is a collection of maps and geographical information that provides a visual representation of the earth and its various regions, countries, and cities. It has been used for centuries for a wide range of purposes and continues to be an important tool for understanding the earth and its various regions, countries, and cities.

What is an Article

An article is a piece of writing that is published in a newspaper, magazine, or online publication. It is typically written by a journalist, expert, or another writer who has knowledge or expertise on the subject they are writing about. Articles can be informative, persuasive, or editorial in nature and can cover a wide range of topics, such as news, politics, sports, business, and many others.

Articles are usually intended to inform, educate, or entertain the reader, and they can be long or short depending on the topic and the publication. They may also include images, videos, or other multimedia elements to enhance the reader’s experience. Articles are a common form of written communication, and they can be found in many different types of publications, including print, online, and in academic journals.

There are several tags or labels that are commonly used to classify or describe articles. Some of these tags include:

  1. Type of publication: Articles may be published in newspapers, magazines, online publications, or academic journals, among others.
  2. Genre: Articles can be classified based on their genre, such as news, opinion, feature, or review.
  3. Topic: Articles may be classified based on the topic they cover, such as politics, sports, business, science, or entertainment.
  4. Audience: Articles may be written for a specific audience, such as general readers, experts, or students.
  5. Style: Articles can be classified based on their style, such as formal, informal, or conversational.
  6. Tone: The tone of an article refers to the writer’s attitude or perspective on the subject, such as objective, subjective, or neutral.
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